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[网帖翻译] 印度人的平均年薪以美元计价,能有多少

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发表于 2018-9-25 05:06:03 |显示全部楼层
What is the average annual salary in India, in US dollars?
印度人的平均年薪以美元计价,能有多少?
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QUORA网站读者评论:
来源:三泰虎    http://www.santaihu.com/46127.html       译者:Joyceliu
外文链接:https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-average-annual-salary-in-India-in-US-dollars

Rakesh Yamparala, Enthusiastic and proud Indian. I love being an Indian
The Indian economy is showing signs of a growth turnaround. India continues to lead the pack for Asia in salary increases.
The minimum wage currently varies from Rs.4,500 to Rs.9,500 a month  for unskilled workers in various states. The national minimum wage will  be fixed for unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled employees. India’s  labour market has more than 470 million workers and around 12 million  are entering the labour force every year.
“National labour unions have been demanding a national minimum wage  of Rs.15,000 per month for the past three to four years. And now the  Seventh Pay Commission has suggested Rs.18,000 per month minimum wage  for government employees.
But as per government calculations:
As per Dec 16, 2013 yearly income earned by an individual in India is  the lowest when compared with people living in the BRICS (Brazil,  Russia, India, China, South Africa) nations, a Gallup survey showed on  Monday. The annual median per capita income in India stood at $616, the  99th position among 131 countries.
印度经济正显示出增长好转的迹象。印度在亚洲增长方面继续率先。
目前,各州非熟练工人的最低工资为每月4500卢比至9500卢比不等。全国最低工资标准将针对非熟练、半熟练和熟练的。印度劳动力市场有超过4.7亿工人,每年约有1200万人进入劳动力市场。
在过去三到四年里,全国工会不断要求将全国最低工资标准定为每月1.5万卢比。现在,第七届工资委员会建议政府雇员每月最低工资为1.8万卢比。
但根据政府的计算:
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盖洛普周一发布的一项考察显示,2013年12月16日,与金砖国家(BRICS,巴西、俄罗斯、印度、中国和南非)相比,印度个人年收入最低。印度的人均年收入中位数为616美元,在131个国家中排名第99位。
8320d134343885c5f48e4a22e8fec74e.jpg

Average Daily Wage Rate in India:
印度平均日薪
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Saket Sinha, Teacher, Engineer, Coach, Poet, Armature magician
There is now labour law regarding minimum wage in India.
Since the question asks for average wage I would try to give some figures:
My answer is in per day basis[Do the math for annual]
现在印度已经有了针对最低工资的劳动法。
因为这个问题问的是平均工资,我会试着给出一些数字:
我的答案是以每天为基础的。
Daily wage labours - 2-3 $/day
Less trained Employees [Support staff] - 5-8 $/day
Govt./Bank Employees - 15-18 $/day
Undergrads [Engineering] - 11-15 $/day
Grads [Engineering] - 15-25 $/day
Medicine [Trainee] - 11-15 $/day
Medicine [Full time] - 25-35 $/day
These are the sectors that cover the majority of Indian jobs.
P.S - I have tried to put the figures to as much close to the true figures.
The figures are from my experience during a personal survey done some time back.
I have no way to prove them right. So you may decide to believe it or not
每日工资- 2-3美元/天
训练不足的员工[辅助人员]- 5-8美元/天
政府/银行雇员-每日15-18美元
本科生[工程]——每天11-15美元
结业生[工程]- 15-25美元/天
医药[培训生]-每天11-15美元
药物[全日制]- 25-35美元/天
这些行业覆盖了印度的大部分就业岗位。
P.S.我试着尽量提供接近真实情况的数字。
这些数据是我在一段时间前的一次个人考察中得出的。
我没有办法证实他们是对的。所以信不信由你
Some imminent social activists are trying to include the concept of  minimum wage but the govt. at present is not willing to introduce it
一些社会活动家正试图引入最低工资的概念,但政府目前不愿引入这一概念

Praveen Venkiteswara Annu, India; my motherland, my pride. Born and bred in India. TW18
This is difficult to answer because the salary varies widely based on the type of occupation.
A relatively simplistic approach would be to use the per capita  income and adjust it for people who are unlikely to be employed - people  under the age of 20 and above the age of 60.
Per capita income of India is slated to be INR 100,000 for 2016 - 2017. [1]
Number of people below the age of 20 in India - 490 million (2011 census) [2]
Number of people above the age of 60 in India - 110 million (2011 census) [2]
Total population of India - 1.2 billion (2011 census) [2]
USD to INR exchange rate = INR 66 to the dollar. [3]
So, average income can be calculated as (INR 100,000 * (1.2  billion/(1.2 billion - (490 million + 110 million)))) which is roughly  INR 200,000.
In dollar terms, 200,000/66 = $3,030 (approx).
这是很难回答的,因为工资根据职业的不同,有很大的差别。
一个比较简单的办法是使用人均收入,并对不太可能就业的人- - 20岁以下和60岁以上的人- -进行调整。
印度的人均收入预计在2016 - 2017年达到10万印度卢比。[1]
印度20岁以下人口——4.90亿(2011年人口普查)[2]
印度60岁以上人口——1.1亿(2011人口普查)[2]
印度总人口- 12亿(2011人口普查)[2]
美元对印度卢比汇率= 66印度卢比对美元。[3]
因而,平均收入可以计算为(INR 100,000 *(12亿/(12亿-(4.90亿+ 1.1亿))),大致为INR 200,000。
以美元计算,20万/66 = 3030美元(大约)。
This can further be adjusted for Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
However, the problem with this number is that it does not reveal the  huge variance in salaries of people engaged in different activities.
For statistical purposes though, this might be enough.
这可以进一步调整购买力平价(PPP)
然而,这个数字的问题在于,它并没有反映出从事不同职业的人在薪酬方面的巨大差异。
不过,就统计而言,这也许就足够了。

Bhargav Devani, As of being Civil Services Aspirant, this is my subject of study.
There are so much diversities in annual income of Indians,
a daily wager may hardly get 300–500$ per year, while CEOs of big companies get salary of $5-010 millions per year.
But, calculating average it is,
2016 1,942(nominal per capita INCOME) 6,746(PPP per capita)
2015 1,808(nominal per capita) 6,266(PPP)
Given data is income. Not salary.
(International Labour Organisation (ILO) statistics says that it was $295 Monthly
average wage in PPP dollars, 2009, while another survey say it is $1654 per year in 2014
印度人的年收入差异很大,
拿日薪的人可能很难拿到300-500美元的年薪,而大公司的首席执行官们每年的薪水可达500 -1000万美元。
但是,计算平均值,
2016年人均名义收入1,942(名义人均收入)6,746(人均购买力平价)
2015年1,808(名义人均)6,266(PPP)
这个数据是收入。不是工资。
国际劳工组织(ILO)的统计数据显示,这一数字为每月295美元
2009年的平均工资按购买力平价计算,而另一项考察显示,2014年的平均工资为每年1654美元

Radhesh Mohandas, And all this I am Not
Salary - means desk jobs which are as low as 3–4K INR in private  sectors and 18K+ INR in Govt. sectors. These people may be partically  educated but their degrees don’t really matter. Based on skill,  expertise and experience, the salaries in private sector rise rapidly to  within reach of global averages. An average unskilled manual labourer  earns Rs.400–600 a day but there is a huge scarcity in this sector as no  body wants to do such a job. USD=68INR and hardly 1% of the population  pays taxes.
工资-在私企做文书工作,最低为3-4千卢比,而在政府部门则为18000卢比。这些人可能受过一定程度的教育,但他们的学位并不重要。根据技能、专门知识和经验,私企的工资迅速上升,接近全球平均水平。一个一般的非技术体力劳动者每天能挣400到600卢比,但是这个行业非常稀缺,因为没有人情愿做这样的工作。美元=68INR,纳税的人还不到人口的1%。

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发表于 2018-9-25 05:06:03 |显示全部楼层
Aman G
GDP per capita of India is roughly 2000 USD.
Note that GDP per capita is lower estimate of salary, atleast in nations like India where the government is dirt poor.
Average consumption per person is 1.5x lower than average salary.
So you can safely assume that GDP of India= 1950 USD
And average salary per person is 2925 USD
Now lets remove children and non-working women.
Age Structure And Marital Status
Working age is defined as 18–60.
Approximately 40% of India is in working age. Rest are retired.
Now, only 27% women work in India.
印度人均GDP约为2000美元。
请注意,人均国内生产总值(GDP)对工资的估量要低一些,至少在像印度这样政府极其贫穷的国家是这样。
人均消费比平均工资低1.5倍。
所以你可以放心地假设印度GDP= 1950美元
人均工资2925美元
现在,让我们把儿童和不工作的妇女排除在外。
年龄结构及状况
工作年龄定义为18-60岁。
大约40%的印度人处于工作年龄。剩下的退休了。
现在,惟独27%的女性在印度工作。
V/S 84% males.
So that makes 0.27*945/1945 + 0.84*1000/1945 = 56.3% adults working.
Which makes around 22.5% of Indian population as employed and working.
Let’s calculate average salary of an employed Indian. It would be 2925/0.225 = 13000 USD
Or around 871,000 INR per annum.
男性是 84%。
也就是说,0.27*945/1945 + 0.84*1000/1945 = 56.3%的成年人在工作。
这使得大约22.5%的印度人被雇佣,正在工作。
让我们来计算一个受雇的印度人的平均工资。2925/0.225 = 13000美元
或者每年大约871000卢比。

Gaurav Patel, Engineer and work in Vapi gujarat
As per govt. Rule minimum wages in India is 284.65 per day.But who  follow this rule? In India engineers are same as like labours. If you  continue your service atleast 10-15 year..you just reached at 20k to  25k.
按印度政府规定最低工资是每天284.65。但谁遵守这条规则呢?在印度,工程师和苦力是一样的。如果你继续工作至少10-15年。你能拿到2万到2.5万卢比的收入。

Anonymous
per capita income in 2012 was 5729 Indian Rupee per month, which  makes it 68748 Rupee per year, going by current exchange rate 56 Rs/USD  average annual salary in india is 1227$
2012年印度人均收入为5729卢比/月,即68748卢比/年,按当前汇率计算,印度人均年收入为1227美元/卢比

Chirag Malik, studied at Chandigarh University
I know it’s too late, but I think OP was trying to ask something else than most people have answered here.
Keeping the answer straight forward. Here is a bar graph I just made for you
我知道已经太迟了,但是我想题主是想问的并不是大多数人在这里回答的问题。
直接回答问题。这是我给你们做的柱状图
b09d7d61ddd8e483036dd8030a5b239f.png

2010 - 46,492
2013 - 71,050
2014 - 79,412
2015 - 86,879
2016 - 93,231
2017 - 104,000 (estimated)
2010 - 46492年
2013 - 71050年
2014 - 79412年
2015 - 86879年
2016 - 93231年
2017 - 104000年(估量)

Anonymous
For salary information in India like in hand salary, joining bonus, increment details you can visit http://www.officemirror.com
They have in hand salary information for companies by post and work  experience and all information is submitted by employees themselves
You can also find interview questions and company reviews there!
想了解印度的工资信息,比如工资,奖金,可以访问http://www.officemirror.com
他们有公司的工资信息,所有的信息都是员工自己提交的
你也可以在那里找到面试问题和公司评论!

George P. Adams, I refer mostly to PayScale.com's data for my answers
For more information on salaries for various jobs and companies, use the career and salary research site PayScale to search
要了解更多关于各种工作和公司薪水的信息,请使用职业和薪水研究网站PayScale来搜寻

Rahul Gusain, works at Siliconindia
well its hard to say what is the average salary in india but one  portal can help you out for knowing salary by post/designation and by  cities. Salaries in India
try this one maybe it will help you.
很难说印度的平均工资是多少,但是有一个门户网站可以协助你了解各个城市的工资。印度工资
试试这个,也许会对你有协助。

Marilyn Castillo, Freelance SEO Consultant
It would vary depending on a person's job, experience, education, and  location. See India Salary Survey - India Wages - Average Salary in  India and search for salary information.
这取决于一个人的职业、经验、教育和地点。查看印度工资考察-印度工资-平均工资在印度和搜寻工资信息。

Anonymous
500-600 USD per month for fresh undergraduates and 800-1000 USD for graduates from an average college.
应届本科结业生每月500-600美元,一般高校结业生每月800-1000美元。

Deepika Theriault, Feminist
it’s not so fixed but
You can also compare it with USA salaries.
don’t waste too much time in comparing your income with others.
just find skills you like to develop and can work in that.
Always ask for high good salary and 25%-30% hike every year. never feel shameful to ask for high salary.
also start your passive income generation by making YouTube videos.  once you get good subscribers you can sell your paid courses or you  contact to software products companies to make video tutorials for them
That’s good that you keep learning new things but always earn good money based on your existing skills.
它并不是固定的
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你也可以拿它和美国的工资作比较。
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不要浪费太多时间比较你和别人的收入。
只需找到你想学习的技能,并且能够在该领域工作就可以了。
总是要求高薪,每年加薪25%-30%。要求高薪决不应感到羞耻。
通过制造YouTube视频来开始你的被动收入。一旦你有了订阅用户,你可以出售你的付费课程或可以联系软件产品公司为他们制造视频教程
你一直地学习新东西,根据你现有的技能赚大钱,这是件好事。

Steven Xavier, lived in India
You need to specific for which for which job you want to know the average salary in India in US dollars.
你需要具体说明你想知道哪份工作在印度的平均工资是多少美元。

Anonymous
Are you kidding me? What do you even mean when you ask such a  question. The average salary of a person depends on his job, his post,  his employer, his field, etc. The salary range might start from 10  cents/day to 1 million dollars/day. I am not sure if I understand what  did you mean to say when you added this question. If you meant average  income then I think the answers are already here.
你在开玩笑吧?你问这样的问题是什么意思?一个人的平均工资取决于他的职业,他的职位,他的雇主,他的领域等等。工资范围可能从每天10美分到每天100万美元不等。我不确定我能否明白你问这个问题是什么意思。如果你指的是平均收入,我想答案已经在这里了。

Mahesh Bendre, business consultant,tech enthusiast, curious economist
Average salaries are very average in India.
The question is very vague because average salaries vary for different fields, experience, level and so on
印度的平均工资非常平均。
这个问题非常含糊,因为不同领域、不同经验、不同水平的平均工资是不同的

Anuj Saxena, Born and Brought up and proud to be an Indian
Salary for doing what? Manual labour or Rocket Scientist?
做什么工作?体力劳动还是火箭科学家?

Sukanya Mukherjee, works at Wipro
3–4 lakhs as beginners
职场新人的话,30-40万卢比一年
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Raj R, studied at Bachelor of Science Degrees
Well buddy its very difficult to answer your query as you are not  specifically asking. However I have done my best to answer your question  along with additional information. Hope it helps..
Average Salary in India:
The average salaries earned in the key industries of India are based  on a host of factors ranging from work experience to cost of living in  respective cities and from degrees earned to skills etc. Let’s find out  about the average salaries offered annually at the top industries of  India.
Before delving into details of pay structures in top industries here  is a glimpse of the earnings fetched by the most favored job profiles in  India:
好吧,伙计,你的问题很难回答,因为你并不是专门问的。然而,我已经尽我最大的努力回答你的问题以及附加的信息。希翼它能有协助. .
印度平均工资:
印度关键行业的平均工资是基于一系列因素,从工作经验到各自城市的生活成本,从获得的学位到技能等等。让我们来了解一下印度顶尖行业每年的平均工资。
在深入研究顶级行业薪酬结构的细节之前,我们先来看看印度最受欢迎的职业简介所带来的收入:
Salary in Banking & Financial Sector:
Salary in Consumer Retail Sector:(图)
Salary in Information Technology Sector:
Salary in Oil & Gas Sector:
Average Information Technology (IT) Salary in India
One of the pillars of Indian economy the Information Technology  industry has scaled great heights in recent times by growing at an  average rate of 30% each year for the last decade. The infrastructural  milestones achieved in the recent years especially in cities like Delhi,  Gurgaon, Mumbai, Bangalore have attracted the country’s youth in a  major way and continues to do the same. Let us see how the industry  pays:
银行和金融业工资
e03b06f2f0e5b309b1dc6e5921148556.png

消费者零售部门工资
3013496be7734e5b8d6e3d6a8770ef99.png

资讯科技行业薪酬:
81a1620ced77ac13027fce039874a5b9.png

石油天然气类薪酬:
65e8afc3eafce67b8bd4b91015b1a6b2.png

印度信息技术(IT)的平均工资
作为印度经济的支柱之一,信息技术产业在过去十年里以年均30%的速度增长,近年来已经达到了顶峰。近年来,尤其是在德里、古尔冈、孟买和班加罗尔等城市取得的基础设备里程碑吸引了该国的,并将继续这样做。让我们看看行业是如何支付的:
8f382eeb0bd495ec914e276f3b0e4c50.png

Average Salary in Hospital Industry
The reason why we couldn’t do away with providing the average  salaries offered in the Healthcare industry is because it is pitched at  around 17 billion dollars at present and is estimated to grow at the  rate of 13% in the coming years. With the New Year round the corner  let’s see what you can expect to earn from significant profiles here:
医院行业平均工资
2076b15754903587f492f9e785b67c0e.png

我们之所以不能取消医疗行业提供的平均工资,是因为目前这个数字约为170亿美元,预计未来几年将以13%的速度增长。随着新年的到来,让我们看看你能从这里的重要资料中得到什么:
Average Salary in Retail Industry
As per an industrial body by the year 2020 the retail industry in  India estimated to double its growth reaching a whopping 1.3 trillion  dollars, but only with room for overseas investment.
零售行业平均工资
根据一个工业组织的估量,到2020年,印度的零售业预计将增长一倍,达到惊人的1.3万亿美元,但惟独海外投资的空间。
Average Salary in Banking Industry
银行行业平均工资
ff6db18e43dc388f3596f832f16f707f.png

Average Salary in Hotel Management
酒店治理方面的平均薪资
1d26df7f6a18b32e58ffa08cad0d485b.png


Ray Hartono, Self employed
In absolute terms, without Ppp and all that shit.
It's about 100 United States dollars per month
(6000 rupees a month, converted to usd )
绝对意义上,没有购买力平价之类的东西。
大约每月100美元
(每月6000卢比,折合美元)

Deepika Theriault, Feminist
It’s good for who have high domain skills or good negotiation skills or communication skills.
So don’t compare your income with others. lots of people go for  Engineering for social status and get good life partner. that’s not bad.  but if you are not good at programming or other engineering tasks never  hesitate to change the stream by doing masters.
always ask for high salary even if they prove that you are dumb.  because it’s HR’s job to hire cheapest resources. so they will prove  that you don’t have skills, still we hire you at this salary.
always generate passive income by teaching or making free video tutorials.
stay happy.
这对那些具有高级领域技能或良好的谈判技巧或沟通技巧的人是有好处的。
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要不断要求高薪,即便他们证实你很笨。因为雇佣最廉价的人是HR的工作。所以他们会证实就算你没有技能,我们还是会以这个薪水雇佣你。
通过教学或制造免费视频教程来获得被动收入。
不断开心哦。

Sathish Prabhu V, Manager-Operations & Process Improvement, Experienced in Oil &Gas,Auto Industry
Average salary for six years experience graduate mechanical engineer will be around 5-5.5 lacs per annum.
Again it depends on the industry he works. The above average CTC is to medium sized industry.
If it is MNC, then it can be around 6.5-7lacs per annum.
6年工作经验的机械工程师的平均年薪为50-55万。
这又取决于他工作的行业。以上平均数是针对中型企业的。
如果是跨国公司,那么每年大概65-70万卢比。

Anupam Chaturvedi, Content Writer/HR Executive at Techmero, India (2016-present)
Depends on your department. Still we can expect around 25000–30000
这取决于你所在的行业。我们仍然可以预料大约在25000-30000

Parimal J Gunjikar, HR Professional at Many Different Companies (2000-present)
It largely depends on what you have designed and what is your depth  in applied design. On a thumb rule calculation, it could be anywhere  between 9 to 15 Lakhs. depending on the product, application and the  software as well as infrastructure used.
这很大程度上取决于你设计了什么,以及你在应用设计中的深度。根据经验法则计算,它可能在9到15万之间。取决于所使用的产品、应用程序和软件。

Dipakjadhav, Bachlor of Engineering Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering, Savitribai Phule Pune University...
Its depends on company totally. Because i have also done my  Mechanical engineering so when you see you can actually get the real  difference.
Suppose if a manager of 3yrs exp is working in small scale industry  he gets only 18k to 25k salary but if that manager is working in tata or  jindal steel then its salary will be 50k to 80k. So its totally depend  on company.
完全取决于公司。因为我也做过机械工程所以能得到真正的区别。
假设一个3年经验的经理在小规模行业工作,他的工资惟独1.8到2.5万,但如果他在塔塔或金达尔钢铁工作,那么他的工资将是5-8万。所以这完全取决于公司。

Anand Prakash, Each one Teach one
It depends.
In the present India's economic environment the earnings of Mechanical engineers depend largely on the following verticals.
QUALIFICATION:
1) B-Tech- 25-30k for freshers and ~50k after 4+ years exp.
2) M-Tech- 50-60k for freshers and ~80k after 4+ exp.
视情况而定。
在目前的印度经济环境下,机械工程师的收入主要取决于以下几个方面。
资质:
1) B-Tech—新人2.5-3万, 4年以上经验者5万。
2) M-Tech-新人5-6万,  4年以上经验者8万
COLLEGE: (for B-tech freshers)
1) 45-60k for Class-A college.
2) 25-30k for Class-B college.
3) 12-22k for Class-C college.
大学:(针对B-tech应届生)
1) A级学院4.5-6万。
2) B类学校2.5-3万。
3) C类学院1.2-2.2万。
I understand that my answer may not match your expectations but then,  the question is not that straight. Also it is worthy to add here that i  envisage a bright road for mechanical engineers in the years to come.
我知道我的回答可能不符合你的期望,但问题并不是那么直接。值得在此补充的是,我为未来的机械工程师们指明了一条光明的道路。

Vineet Parihar, An engineering student, aspiring design engineer
If you talk about salary. You should also mention the experience. An  entry level fresher would get 8 to15000 for teaching. In small vendor  companies around 10000. In repute companies 15 to 25k. If you get a job  as GET i.e. Graduate engineer trainee, that is dependent on luck, if  your college can host recruitment witha good company like cummins, tata  ,etc you may get 30 to 40k too.
如果你要讨论薪水,还应该提到你的经验。刚入行的新人将获得8到15000的收入。在小型供应商公司中大约是10000。在知名公司1.5 -  2.5万。如果你作为研究生见习工程师找到了一份工作,取决于运气如何,如果你的大学能被像康明斯、塔塔等公司录用,你也能得到3到4万的收入。
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